Thursday, 27 July 2017

Akamai releases Q2 ‘State of the Internet’ report

Akamai Technologies
Wednesday 01 October 14

Akamai Technologies, a leading provider of cloud services for delivering, optimising and securing online content and business applications, today released its Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report. Based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform, the report provides insight into key global statistics such as connection speeds and broadband adoption across fixed and mobile networks, overall attack traffic, global 4K readiness, IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 implementation, and traffic patterns across leading Web properties and digital media providers. The report also includes insight into the OpenSSL “Heartbleed” vulnerability, SNMP Reflection Attacks, and Storm and Zeus crimeware. Data and graphics from the Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report can also be found on the Akamai State of the Internet site and through the Akamai State of the Internet app for iPads and iPhones. “The number of ‘firsts’ we’re seeing in the Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report make this a particularly interesting quarter,” commented David Belson, editor of the report. “We’ve experienced our first quarterly decrease in global unique IP address counts, the global average connection speed has risen above the 4 Mbps &lsquo…

Akamai Technologies, a leading provider of cloud services for delivering, optimising and securing online content and business applications, today released its Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report. Based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform, the report provides insight into key global statistics such as connection speeds and broadband adoption across fixed and mobile networks, overall attack traffic, global 4K readiness, IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 implementation, and traffic patterns across leading Web properties and digital media providers.
The report also includes insight into the OpenSSL “Heartbleed” vulnerability, SNMP Reflection Attacks, and Storm and Zeus crimeware.

Data and graphics from the Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report can also be found on the Akamai State of the Internet site and through the Akamai State of the Internet app for iPads and iPhones.

“The number of ‘firsts’ we’re seeing in the Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report make this a particularly interesting quarter,” commented David Belson, editor of the report. “We’ve experienced our first quarterly decrease in global unique IP address counts, the global average connection speed has risen above the 4 Mbps ‘broadband’ threshold, and Akamai’s customers experienced a reduction in the likelihood of repeat DDoS attacks.”

European Highlights from Akamai’s Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report:
Average Connection Speeds and Broadband Connectivity: sustained growth observed in Europe
The global average connection speed increased 21 percent from the first to second quarter of the year and, at 4.6 Mbps, exceeded the 4 Mbps “broadband” threshold for the first time.

For the second consecutive quarter Switzerland topped the European country listing, just ahead of the Netherlands, with an average connection speed of 14.9 Mbps. Sustained quarter-over-quarter growth was observed in all European countries; France had the lowest growth rate at 7.4 percent, while Romania achieved the biggest increase at 27 percent. Impressive year-over-year gains were observed in all European countries, ranging from a low of 22 percent in Austria and Italy to a high of 58 percent in Ireland.

Average peak connection speeds in all European countries surveyed also saw significant quarter-over-quarter growth. Romania came out top, with an average peak connection speed in excess of 60 Mbps, while significant quarter-over-quarter increases pushed the Netherlands, Switzerland and Belgium above 50 Mbps.

The global high broadband (>10 Mbps) adoption rate continued to see strong growth in the second quarter of 2014, reaching 23% thanks to a 12% increase during the quarter. In Europe Switzerland, the Netherlands and Romania recorded rates of 50 percent or more and, with the exception of Italy, all countries in the region achieved high broadband adoption rates above 10 percent. Positive quarter-over-quarter changes were observed across all surveyed countries. Finland was the only country to see its high broadband adoption rate increase by less than 10 percent, growing just 5 percent from the first quarter, while the highest growth rate was seen in Portugal (up 92 percent).
The global broadband (>4 Mbps) adoption rate grew by 5.6 percent quarter-over-quarter to reach 59 percent. In Europe, Romania, Denmark and the Netherlands joined Switzerland to become the only surveyed countries in the region with a broadband adoption rate of 90 percent or more. Once again all European countries had broadband adoption rates above 50 percent. A review of the quarter-over-quarter changes reveal that these were positive but limited, with only Norway and Italy growing by more than 10 percent. The smallest quarterly increases (less than 1 percent) were seen in the United Kingdom and France.

European 4K Readiness: Switzerland, the Netherlands and Sweden continue to lead the way
Following the introduction of the ‘4K Readiness’ metric in the First Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report, Akamai has again identified countries that are most likely to sustain connection speeds above 15 Mbps, as Ultra HD adaptive bitrate streams typically require bandwidth between 10 and 20 Mbps.. The findings do not account for other ‘readiness’ factors, such as the availability of 4K-encoded content or 4K-capable televisions and media players.

This quarter the majority of European countries had more than 10 percent of their connections to Akamai at speeds above 15 Mbps, with the top three countries (Switzerland, the Netherlands and Sweden) seeing more than a quarter of their connections at those speeds. Switzerland’s 33 percent 4K readiness rate was the highest seen in the region. Both Portugal and Romania saw 4K readiness rates more than double quarter-over-quarter, while the smallest increase was seen in Finland (14 percent).

Attack Traffic and Security: Port 80 overtakes Port 445 to become the most targeted port
Akamai maintains a distributed set of unadvertised agents deployed across the Internet to log connection attempts that the company classifies as attack traffic. Based on the data collected by these agents, Akamai is able to identify the top countries from which attack traffic originates, as well as the top ports targeted by these attacks. It is important to note, however, that the originating country as identified by the source IP address may not represent the nation in which an attacker resides.

In the second quarter of 2014, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 161 unique countries/regions – 33 fewer than the first quarter of 2014. China was again responsible for originating the highest concentration of attacks (43 percent), while observed traffic from second-place Indonesia doubled quarter-over-quarter to reach 15 percent. The United States, in third place, followed with 13 per cent (up slightly from last quarter’s 11 percent).

Attack traffic concentration across the top 10 targeted ports increased quarter-over-quarter to 71 percent from 55 percent. For only the third time in the history of the report, Port 445 (Microsoft-DS) fell to the second-most targeted by attackers. Port 80 (WWW/HTTP) took the lead in the second quarter, when its attack traffic nearly doubled to 15 percent but, interestingly, was not the most targeted port among any of the top 10 countries/regions.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack Traffic: European customers report a decline in DDoS attacks this quarter

In addition to observations on attack traffic, the State of the Internet Report includes insights into DDoS attacks based on reports from Akamai’s customers. Akamai customers reported 270 DDoS attacks in the second quarter, down from 283 in the first quarter, marking the second consecutive quarter with a decline and a drop of 15 percent year-over-year. This trend supports assertions from the Prolexic Q2 Global DDoS Attack Report, suggesting that volumetric attacks (targeting Layers 1-4) have increased while application attacks (targeting Layers 5-7) have declined.
The European region experienced a modest quarter-over-quarter decline of 14 percent, with 49 reported attacks in the second quarter, down from 57 reported attacks in the first quarter.
For the first time since Akamai began tracking repeated attacks against targets, the number of customers that saw subsequent attacks declined from one-in-four (26 percent) to nearly one-in-six (18 percent). Only two customers were targeted by DDoS attacks more than five times, with one customer seeing as many as seven total attacks, as opposed to the high of 17 attacks the previous quarter.
IPv4 and IPv6: European countries continue to lead the way in IPv6 adoption
In the second quarter of 2014, more than 788 million IPv4 addresses from more than 238 unique countries/regions connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform. For the first time in the history of the State of the Internet Report, the global unique IP address count declined quarter-over-quarter, by a nominal 0.9 percent.
“Though even a minimal quarter-to-quarter decline is unusual in the history of this report, we see no reason for concern,” said Belson. “It may be due to providers working to conserve limited IPv4 address space, or likely was a result of increased IPv6 connectivity and adoption among leading network providers. That said, globally, 69 percent of countries and regions still showed year-over-year increases in unique IPv4 address counts.”
As for IPv6 adoption, the largest number of requests continued to come from cable and mobile providers, led by Verizon Wireless with 50 percent of its requests to Akamai coming over IPv6. Four other providers – Telenet, Brutele, Kabel Deutschland and XS4 ALL – had more than one-third of their requests to Akamai take place over IPv6.

European countries continued to dominate the IPv6 adoption list, holding seven of the top 10 positions. IPv6 traffic volumes more than doubled from the previous quarter in the Czech Republic and were up by more than a third in Belgium. Romania and Germany however, saw IPv6 adoption levels decline quarter-over-quarter, with Germany dropping 25 percent. This, however, is due to the IPv4 request count growing more aggressively than the IPv6 request count, resulting in a decline in the calculated percentage of IPv6 traffic.

Mobile Connectivity: Denmark leads the world in mobile broadband adoption

In the Second Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report, 56 countries/regions qualified for inclusion within the mobile connectivity section. South Korea’s average mobile connection speed rose slightly from 14.7 Mbps to 15.2 Mbps to maintain its top position, while Vietnam hit a global low of 0.9 Mbps. Average peak mobile connection speeds among qualifying countries/regions ranged from 108 Mbps in Australia, down to 4.7 Mbps in Vietnam. Within Europe, Slovakia had the highest average mobile connection speed at 8.0 Mbps.

The report also examines the percentage of connections to Akamai from network providers at ‘broadband’ speeds (more than 4 Mbps). In the second quarter, Denmark led the world, reporting the highest level of mobile broadband adoption at 92 percent.


View more of the latest press releases from across the industry or post your company's news.

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

Newsletter signup

Quickly get on board and up to date with the telecoms industry