Monday, 25 September 2017

Akamai Q1 state of the Internet report

Akamai
Tuesday 23 July 13

Akamai Technologies, a leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere, today released its First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report. Based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform™, the report provides insights into key global statistics including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity and availability, among many others. The First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report includes new observations on “account checker” attacks targeting e-commerce sites and the impact on Akamai traffic from events including the death of Hugo Chavez, announcement of the new Pope, and undersea cable disruptions. The report also reviews mobile browser usage by network type based on data from Akamai IO. European Highlights from Akamai’s First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report: Internet Penetration: More than 733 million unique IPv4 addresses from 243 countries/regions connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, an increase of 3.1 percent over the previous quarter and 10 percent year-over- year. Since a single IP address can represent multiple individuals in some cases – such as when users access the Web through a firewall or proxy server – Akamai estimates the total number of unique Web users connecting to its platform during the quarter to be well over one billion…

Akamai Technologies, a leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere, today released its First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report. Based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform™, the report provides insights into key global statistics including connection speeds, attack traffic, and network connectivity and availability, among many others.

The First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report includes new observations on “account checker” attacks targeting e-commerce sites and the impact on Akamai traffic from events including the death of Hugo Chavez, announcement of the new Pope, and undersea cable disruptions. The report also reviews mobile browser usage by network type based on data from Akamai IO.

European Highlights from Akamai’s First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report:

Internet Penetration:

More than 733 million unique IPv4 addresses from 243 countries/regions connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, an increase of 3.1 percent over the previous quarter and 10 percent year-over- year. Since a single IP address can represent multiple individuals in some cases – such as when users access the Web through a firewall or proxy server – Akamai estimates the total number of unique Web users connecting to its platform during the quarter to be well over one billion. Worldwide, nearly 75 percent of countries/regions had higher unique IP address counts year-over-year.

Among European countries appearing in the top 10 country/region listing, yearly growth ranged from 20 percent in Italy (ranked #9 globally) to 11 percent in the UK (ranked #5), 5.7 percent in France (ranked #6) and 5.0 per cent in Germany (ranked #4).

Attack Traffic and Top Ports Attacked:

Europe accounts for just under 19 percent of observed attack traffic

Akamai maintains a distributed set of unadvertised agents deployed across the Internet that log connection attempts, which the company classifies as attack traffic. Based on data collected by these agents, Akamai is able to identify the top countries from which attack traffic originates as well as the top ports targeted by these attacks. However, the originating country as identified by the source IP address may not represent the nation in which an attacker resides. For example, an individual in the United States may be launching attacks from compromised systems anywhere in the world.

While China kept its position as the single-largest volume source of observed attack traffic in the first quarter of 2013 with 34 percent of the total (down from 41 percent in the previous quarter), Indonesia took over second place with 21 percent of observed traffic (up from 0.7 percent in the previous quarter). More than half of all observed attack traffic originated from China and Indonesia.

The top 10 countries/regions generated more than 80 percent of the observed attack traffic during the quarter. Following Italy and Hungary dropping-off the top 10 ranking, Romania is the only European country listed in 9th place.

Port 445 (Microsoft-DS) continued to be the most targeted port in the first quarter, receiving 23 percent of observed attack traffic. Port 80 (WWW HTTP) was second at 14 percent, with the majority of these attacks observed to be originating in Indonesia.

Observations on DDoS Attacks:

Number of attack up 4 percent quarter-over quarter

Starting in the fourth quarter of 2012, the State of the Internet Report includes insight into DDoS attacks based on reports from Akamai customers. In the first quarter of 2013, Akamai customers reported 208 attacks, up slightly from the 200 reported in the previous quarter. Of those attacks, 35 percent targeted Enterprise customers; 32 percent were focused on Commerce customers; 22 percent on Media customers; 7 percent on High Tech customers; and 4 percent targeted Public Sector customers. Attacks were reported by 154 different organizations in the first quarter of 2013.

‘Account Checker’ Attacks: E-commerce sites under attack

In the first quarter of 2013, Akamai observed attempted account takeover behaviour for numerous e-commerce organizations that resulted from reuse of credentials obtained from other sites. Using automated tools known as “account checkers,” attackers can quickly determine valid user ID/password combinations across a large number of e-commerce sites. Once an account is breached, attackers can collect a user’s personal data and credit card information to use for further fraud.

European Broadband Connectivity: Switzerland and the Netherlands lead the way

High broadband (>10 Mbps) adoption was once again impressive in the region and a number of European countries now have one-in-five connections to Akamai at speeds above 10 Mbps. Switzerland tops the leader board with 30 percent of connections at 10 Mbps or more, followed closely by the Netherlands with 29 percent (up 25 percent from last quarter). Other strong performers included Sweden with 25 percent of connections above 10 Mbps, the Czech Republic (23 percent) and Finland (21 percent).

A review of the year-on-year changes in high broadband connections showed the UK posting a staggering 208 percent growth in the first quarter of 2013, resulting in one-in-five connections to Akamai at speeds above 10 Mbps. Strong growth was also seen in Switzerland, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Norway and Germany, which all saw a year-over-year increase in high broadband adoption of 50 percent or more. Belgium saw the smallest year-over-year change among surveyed EMEA countries, up just 2.1 percent, while Portugal was the only European country to see a yearly decline in its high broadband adoption rate, losing 11 percent.

Broadband adoption (> 4 Mbps) growth across European countries remained extremely strong in the first quarter of 2013. Switzerland led both the region and the global rankings with the highest broadband adoption rates at 88 percent of connections to Akamai at speeds above 4 Mbps. The Netherlands and the Czech Republic joined Switzerland in having broadband adoption rates above 80 percent, coming in at 84 percent and 81 percent respectively.

After topping the regional list during 2012, Switzerland (ranked #4 in the global top 10 countries/regions listing) again led the way in Europe with the highest average connection speed of 10.1 Mbps in the first quarter of 2013. The Netherlands followed closely with a 10 percent quarter-over-quarter growth to 9.9 Mbps. Strong increases were also seen in Sweden (to 8.9 Mbps), Denmark (to 8.2 Mbps) and Austria (to 7.9 Mbps); those countries grew by 10 percent or more quarter-over-quarter.

A year-on-year review of European average connection speeds reveals the UK achieved aggressive yearly growth of 41 percent. Other impressive gains include Czech Republic (up 34 percent), Sweden (up 32 percent), Norway (up 30 percent), and Germany (up 20 percent).

Romania and Switzerland were the only two surveyed EMEA countries to have average peak connection speeds at above 40 Mbps, with the remaining European countries achieving average peak connection speeds above 20 Mbps. Looking at year-over-year changes, growth was again particularly strong in the UK (up 53 percent to 36.3 Mbps), Norway (up 43 percent) and Switzerland (up 41 percent). A number of other countries achieved growth in the 30 percent range: Sweden (up 38 percent); Denmark (up 32 percent); the Netherlands (up 30 percent); Spain (up 31 percent); and Belgium (up 30 percent). This aggressive growth may continue apace if European Commission proposals to get every home and town in Europe ‘broadband ready’ are successfully implemented.

“This quarter’s State of the Internet Report shows continued positive growth in terms of Internet and broadband adoption worldwide. We have seen overall increases in average and peak connection speeds along with greater broadband penetration on both a quarterly and annual basis,” said David Belson, the report’s editor. “However, the levels of malicious activity we’ve observed show no signs of abating, as evidenced by the on-going rise in DDoS attacks. This reinforces the continued need for vigilance by organizations that are conducting business and maintaining a presence on the Internet.”

Mobile Connectivity: Austrian operator delivers 7.6 Mbps average connection speed

In the first quarter of 2013, average connection speeds on all surveyed mobile network operators ranged from a high of 8.6 Mbps to a low of 0.4 Mbps. Nine operators demonstrated average connection speeds in the broadband (>4 Mbps) range while 64 more operators showed average connection speeds above 1 Mbps. Similar to last quarter, an Austrian operator led the way in Europe with an average connection speed of 7.6 Mbps.

Data collected by Ericsson indicates that the volume of mobile data traffic doubled from the first quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2013, and grew 19 percent between the fourth quarter of 2012 and the first quarter of 2013.

An initial release of an updated data source for Akamai IO occurred in mid-February 2013, resulting in significant changes in observed device/browser adoption levels. For the first half of the quarter, mobile devices on cellular networks using the Android Webkit accounted for just over 41 percent of total requests, while Apple Mobile Safari accounted for 38 percent. In the second half of the quarter, Android Webkit was responsible for nearly 44 percent of requests and Apple Mobile Safari accounted for just over 30 percent. When measuring mobile devices across all network types, Apple Mobile Safari accounted for approximately 60 percent and Android Webkit was responsible for between 20 percent and 33 percent of requests.

Akamai in 60 Seconds

Akamai has also released “Akamai in 60 Seconds,” an online visualization presenting a snapshot of the broad range of activity occurring on the Akamai Intelligent Platform. Available at www.akamai.com/60seconds, the dynamic graphic highlights peak values for metrics such as video streaming, page views, route optimization calculations and DNS lookups among many others, as measured across a 60-second time period.

UK Highlights
• 41% YoY increase in EMEA Average Connection Speeds, places UK 12th globally, and 7th in Europe at 7.9 Mbps (this is a QoQ increase of 7.3%). Switzerland is 1st in EMEA with 10.1 Mbps
• UK has the 5th highest EMEA Average Peak Connection Speed at 36.3 Mbps. A YoY increase of 53% and QoQ increase of 12%
• UK is 6th in EMEA for adoption of High Broadband Connectivity (>10 Mpbs) at 20%, a YoY increase of 208%
• 10th place in EMEA for EMEA Broadband Connectivity with 73% of connections seen by Akamai measuring above 4 Mbps
• The 3 UK mobile network providers achieved average Mbps speeds of 3.0, 3.5 and 2.7. Peak speeds were 17.3, 17.5 and 23.2 Mbps respectively (note that network names are anonymised)
• Unique IP v4 addresses up 11% YoY to 28,524,028
• The UK saw a 0.6% increase in the volume of attack traffic coming from within its boundaries


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